By Joy Rohde
During the peak of the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan, the Pentagon introduced a arguable counterinsurgency software known as the Human Terrain process. this system embedded social scientists inside of army devices to supply commanders with information regarding the cultures and grievances of neighborhood populations. but the talk it encouraged used to be now not new. a long time prior, comparable nationwide safety matters introduced the dep. of protection and American social scientists jointly within the look for highbrow guns that can strive against the unfold of communism through the chilly conflict. In Armed with Expertise, pleasure Rohde strains the confident upward thrust, anguished fall, and fabulous rebirth of chilly War–era military-sponsored social research.
Seeking specialist wisdom that might allow the USA to include communism, the Pentagon became to social scientists. starting within the Nineteen Fifties, political scientists, social psychologists, and anthropologists with a bit of luck utilized their services to army difficulties, confident that their paintings may improve democracy worldwide. As Rohde indicates, by means of the past due Sixties, an increasing number of students and activists condemned Pentagon-funded social scientists as handmaidens of a technocratic struggle nation and sought to dispose of military-sponsored study from American highbrow life.
But the Pentagon's social learn initiatives had awesome institutional momentum and highbrow flexibility. rather than severing their ties to the army, the Pentagon’s specialists relocated to a burgeoning community of non-public consulting organizations and for-profit study workplaces. Now protected against public scrutiny, they persevered to steer nationwide safety affairs. in addition they diverse their portfolios to incorporate the learn of household difficulties, together with city violence and racial clash. In interpreting the controversies over chilly struggle social technological know-how, Rohde finds the power militarization of yank political and highbrow lifestyles, a phenomenon that maintains to elevate grave questions on the connection among specialist wisdom and American democracy.
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Armed with Expertise: The Militarization of American Social Research during the Cold War (American Institutions and Society ) by Joy Rohde